Data shows deportation cases against Central Americans on the rise

Central Americans composed 56 percent of deportation proceedings in 2014.

A recent report by TRAC Immigration, a nonpartisan source providing information on federal immigration enforcement efforts, notes that immigration deportation cases for Central Americans are on the rise in the United States.

More on deportation

Deportation is a legal term that essentially refers to the removal of immigrants from the United States based on violation of immigration or criminal laws. Examples of qualifying reasons for deportation include allegations of:

  • Entering the United States without following proper protocol.
  • Conviction of certain qualifying criminal offenses.
  • Falsification of documents used to enter the United States.
  • Engaging in activities that endanger public safety.

These are just a few examples of the allegations that can lead to deportation proceedings.

More on the report

TRAC, the Transactional Records Access Clearinghouse, is a data gathering, research and distribution organization that is part of Syracuse University. The group aims to provide information about immigration enforcement efforts to the public. This includes publication of various reports and bulletins. One of the more recent reports focuses on a review of the nationality of immigrants facing deportation hearings. According to the report, Central Americans compose the largest group of immigrants facing removal proceedings.

Researchers with the report state that a spike in the number of "unaccompanied children and women with children" fleeing Guatemala, Honduras and El Salvador is responsible for the increase in cases. Four out of every ten cases during 2014 that involved Central Americans involved an unaccompanied child. However, researchers also note that thus far in 2015 there has been a significant drop in the number of cases Immigration Court is hearing that involve unaccompanied children.

According to the data, deportation cases for Mexicans have steadily declined since 2009.

Here is a breakdown of deportation orders sought by The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) in Immigration Courts for the first ten months of 2015 compared to 2014:

  • Mexico. In 2014, 25 percent of deportation orders were for those from Mexico. In 2015, this number has increased to 32 percent.
  • Central America. In 2014, this group composed 56 percent of all orders sought by the DHS. In 2015, this number has decreased to 42 percent.
  • China. In 2014, 3 percent of the orders for deportation requested by the DHS were for immigrants from China. In 2015, this number has increased slightly to 4 percent.

Legal counsel can help

Since deportation is a legal proceeding, those facing removal have legal rights. As a result, legal counsel can help protect these rights and better ensure a more favorable outcome. Anyone facing deportation should take the process seriously and contact an experienced immigration lawyer.